Doctablet Glossary of Medical Terms


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  • a

  • ACE Inhibitors
    ACE inhibitors block the Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (A.C.E.), by doing this they regulate the amount of salt and therefore water in the body. They are used to lower blood pressure by themselves or in combination with other medications. Also, they are one of the most important parts of any(...)
  • Aldosterone
    The main hormone in the body responsible for retaining salt (sodium) and water. Aldosterone is produced by the adrenal glands when the kidneys notice low blood pressure.
  • Angiotensin Receptor Blockers
    These medications are selective inhibitors of the Angiotensin II Receptor. In this way they regulate salt, water and blood pressure in the body. They are used for blood pressure control, but in general are weak antihypertensives and require the use of additional medications to be effective.(...)
  • Atrium
    The two top chambers of the heart. They work to "receive" the blood that returns to the heart from different sources: the veins and the lungs.
  • b

  • Beta Blockers
    Used for a variety of different conditions ranging from heart failure, blood pressure control and even stage fright, beta blockers are known to block the beta receptor in the human body. By doing this, they slow the heart down, and regulate the amount of salt the kidney gets rid of. Side(...)
  • c

  • Calcium Channel Blockers
    Calcium channel blockers dilate blood vessels. In this manner they lower blood pressure. Side effects can include swelling in the lower extremity. They rarely cause any other side effects. Examples include Amlodipine and Nifedipine.
  • Carbohydrates
    One of the three main nutrients in food that provides the energy needed for life. Carbohydrate-containing foods are broken down by the body into smaller sugar building blocks.
  • Celiac disease
    An abnormal reaction to gluten in the diet that affects the absorption of key nutrients by damaging cells whose job it is to absorb things from the small intestine.
  • Cells
    Building blocks of living organisms. For example, if a large apartment building were a living thing, the smaller apartments within the building would be the cells. Each individual apartment (cell) is a functioning unit.
  • Cervix
    Narrow passage formed from the bottom of the uterus that connects the uterus to the vagina. Named because of its “neck-like” shape.
  • d

  • Diuretics
    Commonly known as "water pills", these medications are the cornerstone of blood pressure treatment. Without them it may be hard to achieve good pressure control. Side effects are rare and include abnormal levels in the salts in your body and increased urination. Examples of these medications(...)
  • f

  • FSH
    Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is produced by the “master” pituitary gland. In females it helps to control the menstrual cycle and egg production, while in males it helps to with the production of sperm.
  • h

  • Hormone
    Proteins released from parts of the body called glands. They help to send messages from one place in the body to parts that are farther away.  
  • HPV
    Group of viruses that cause genital warts and cervical cancer. Spread by genital skin-to-skin contact, HPV infection is the most common sexually transmitted disease, affecting 75% of sexually active adults before the age of 50. Most patients are asymptomatic from HPV infection. Out of the more(...)
  • i

  • Insulin
    A hormone that tells the body to store the energy we get from the food we eat. Insulin is made in the pancreas.
  • l

  • LH
    Luteinizing hormone (LH) is produced by the “master” pituitary gland. In females it helps to control the menstrual cycle and release of the mature egg, while in males it controls the production of testosterone.
  • n

  • Nodule
    A small lump or mass, generally rounded in shape although it can also present with irregular form. Nodules can appear in the thyroid gland, skin and lungs.
  • p

  • Pancreas
    A small organ located just behind your stomach that is responsible for making and releasing digestive enzymes into the intestine and insulin into the blood.
  • Protein
    One of the three main nutrients in food that provides the energy needed for life. It is an important part of the structure of cells.
  • v

  • Ventricle
    The lower chambers of the heart. There are two ventricles, each with a different function. The right ventricle is a receiving chamber where blood from veins accumulates before it moves on into the lungs. The left ventricle is a muscular cavity whose function is to push blood out into the body.